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Which of the following research types focuses on ameliorating the prevailing situations? [November 2017]
Question 1 Explanation:
Action Research is either research initiated to solve an immediate problem or a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a "Community of practice" to improve the way they address issues and solve problems
|Which of the following steps in research are least vulnerable to research ethics?|
|(i) Identifying the research variables|
|(ii) Defining the research variables|
|(iii) Data collection procedure|
|(iv) Data analysis procedure|
|(v) Reporting research outcomes|
(i) and (ii) only
(ii) and (iii) only
(iii) and (iv) only
(iv) and (v) only
Question 2 Explanation:
Research steps followed in Research ethics 1. Data Collection 2. Data Analysis and Generalization 3. Reporting of research result
Which of the sets of activities best indicate the cyclic nature of action research strategy? [July 2018]
Reflect, Observe, Plan, Act
Observe, Act, Reflect, Plan
Act, Plan, Observe, Reflect
Plan, Act, Observe, Reflect
Question 3 Explanation:
Action research is done to find a solution to an immediate problem; it is a cycle of action plan, actual action, observation of the outcome and reflection on it.
|There are two sets given below|
|Set - I specifies the types of research,|
|Set - II indicates their characteristics.|
|Match the two and give your answer by selecting the appropriate code.|
|Set - I (Research Types)||Set - II (Characteristics)|
|A. Fundamental Research||(i) Finding out the extent of perceived impact of an intervention|
|B. Applied Research||(ii) Developing an effective explanation through theory building|
|C. Action Research||(iii) Improving an existing situation through the use of interventions|
|D. Evaluative Research||(iv) Exploring the possibility of a theory for use in various situations|
|(v) Enriching technological resources|
A - ii; B - iv; C - iii; D- i
A - v; B - iv; C - iii; D- ii
A - i; B - ii; C - iii; D- iv
A - ii; B - iii; C - iv; D- v
In using the hypothetic co-deductive research paradigm which of the following sequences is considered appropriate? [24 September 2020, 1 Shift]
Hypothesis Making, Hypothesis testing, Arriving at generalization and Conclusion
Establishing a research problem, Hypothesis making, Hypothesis testing, Arriving at generalization and Conclusion
Hypothesis making, Establishing a research problem, Hypothesis testing, Arriving at generalization and Conclusion
Hypothesis testing, Hypothesis making, Finalizing the research problem, Arriving at generalization and Conclusion
Question 5 Explanation:
1. Identify and defining the Research Problem 2. Review the Literature 3. Formulating a Hypothesis 4. Research Design 5. Selecting Samples 6. Data Collection 7. Analysis of result report 8. Generalization 9. Reporting of research result
Quantitative research is also called the [25 June 2019, 1 Shift]
Question 6 Explanation:
Quantitative research involves a systematic investigation or phenomena or testing of objective theories by collecting quantifiable data and examining the relationship among variables with statistical / Mathematical / Computational techniques.
Hypothesis testing is the main concept of which type of research? [3 Dec 2019, 1 Shift]
Question 7 Explanation:
Experimental method is a systematic and scientific approach to research in which the researcher manipulates one or more variables, and controls and measures any change in other variables.
A good review of research literature aims at: [20 June 2019, 1 Shift]
Subjective analysis of the content.
Providing information about the authors and their affiliations
Generating research questions and validating those questions
Conducting multiple task - based screening
Question 8 Explanation:
A good literature review has four main aims: 1. To survey the literature in the chosen area of study. 2. To synthesis and summaries the information in it. 3. To critically analyze the information gathered. 4. To reorganize the literature suitably in accordance with the study at hand.
From the list given below identify those which are called 'Non - probability sampling procedures': [26 June 2019, 1 Shift] (i) Simple random sampling (ii) Dimensional sampling (iii) Snowball sampling (iv) Cluster sampling (v) Quota sampling (vi) Stratified sampling Choose the correct option
(i), (ii) and (iii)
(ii), (iv) and (v)
(i), (iii) and (iv)
(ii), (iii) and (v)
Question 9 Explanation:
Non - Probability sampling is a sampling techniques which does not give all the individuals in the population equal chances of being selected. 1. Judgmental sampling or purposive sampling 2. Quota sampling 3. Dimensional sampling
In finalizing a thesis writing format which of the following would form part of supplementary pages? [November 2017]
List of tables and figures
Table of contents
Conclusion of the study
Bibliography and Appendices
Question 10 Explanation:
Bibliography - Which lists the references Appendices - Which provide matter missed out in the thesis - Supplement the thesis.
Research that focuses on social inequality between men and women is called [25 June 2019, 1 Shift]
Question 11 Explanation:
The term feminism is attributed to political and sociological theories on issues of gender difference, as well as a movement for gender equality and protection of women's rights and interests. Feminist research, as opposed to traditional research, works for the dual objectives of construction of new knowledge and the creation of social equality.
Which of the following research types has a potential for enhancing teaching competencies? [25 June 2019, 2 Shift]
Impact assessment research
Question 12 Explanation:
Action research is an individual or collaborative research typically designed and conducted by practitioners who analyze the data to improve their own practice in a cyclic process. In schools, action research refers to a wide variety of evaluative, investigative, and analytical research methods designed to diagnose problems or weaknesses---whether organizational, academic, or instructional---and help educators develop practical solutions to address them quickly and efficiently. In teaching it helps improve effectiveness of specific instructional strategies, the performance of specific students and classroom management techniques.
Which one of the following is the main feature of qualitative research? [20 June 2019, 1 Shift]
Avoids positivist assumptions and data analysis
Subscribes to preexisting categories
Collects data in numerical form
Uses empirical method of data analysis
Question 13 Explanation:
Qualitative research collects and works with non-numerical data to study targeted populations or places and seeks to interpret meaning from these data. Qualitative research on other hand, uses data analysis of numerical data with positive assumptions for determining casual and correlative relationships between variables.
Participant observation is a part of: [21 June 2019, 1 Shift]
Mentalist theory of language
Question 14 Explanation:
Ethnographic research is a qualitative method where researchers observe and/or interact with a study's participants in their real-life environment. Ethnography was popularised by anthropology, but is used across a wide range of social sciences. participant observation, for many years, has been a hallmark of both anthropological and sociological studies.
The research that aims at immediate application is JUNE 2012
Question 15 Explanation:
Action research uses techniques of social and psychological research and is initiated to identity and solve an immediate social problem in a group or community with active group participation of the investigators.
Participation in which type of research has the great potential for ensuring the improvement of the professional as well as work situation? [21stJune 2019, 2nd Shift]
Question 16 Explanation:
Action research involves self reflective studies undertaken by participants / professionals in social situations in the course of certain practices, typically in the field of education.
At the stage of data analysis, in which quantitative techniques have been used by a researcher, the evidence warrants the rejection of Null hypothesis (H0). Which of the following decisions of the researcher will be deemed appropriate? [6th December 2019, 2nd Shift]
Rejecting the (H0) and also the substantive research hypothesis
Rejecting the (H0) and accepting the substantive research hypothesis
Rejecting the (H0) without taking any decision on the substantive research hypothesis.
Accepting the (H0) and rejecting the substantive research hypothesis
Question 17 Explanation:
Rejection of Null hypothesis after the quantitative data analysis, the substantive research hypothesis should be accepted.
Case studies are: [20th June 2019, 2nd Shift]
Studies conducted in areas of genetics and microbiology.
In-depth examination of a subject and its related conditions.
A report on the existing sociopolitical condition.
Specialized research in the areas of health and sanitation.
Question 18 Explanation:
A case study is a research strategy involving an in depth holistic investigation, empirical inquiry or descriptive / exploratory analysis of persons, group, phenomena, decisions, periods, institutions or other system within real life context.cas
In which of the following research paradigms the focus of concern is on interpreting reality in terms of participants perspective? [26th June 2019, 2nd Shift]
Ex post facto Research
Question 19 Explanation:
Ethnographic research is a type of qualitative research in which researchers observe and/ or interact with the participants in their real life environment, and data is collected from observations, interviews and documents to produce detailed and comprehensive accounts of different social phenomena.
A university teachers plans to improve the study habits of students in his/her class. Which type of research paradigm will be helpful in this regard? [4th December 2019, 1st Shift]
Evaluative research paradigm
Fundamental research paradigm
Applied research paradigm
Action research paradigm
Question 20 Explanation:
Action research is a methodology of research that seeks transformative change through the process of action, critical reflection.
Which of the following sampling methods is based on probability? December 2012
Question 21 Explanation:
Probability sampling is a method of sampling, in which the items of the population have an equal opportunity to be selected. Simple Random sampling, Stratified Sampling, Cluster Sampling and systematic sampling.
A hypothesis should be conceptually: [24th June 2019, 2nd Shift]
Convoluted, complex and generic
Complex, tough and general
simple, clear and specific
obscure, complicated and simple
Question 22 Explanation:
A hypothesis is should be simple and clear rather than obscure / convoluted/ complex or complicated. It cannot be generic because the research is specific.
Which among the following methods is commonly used in anthropological research? NTA NET JUNE 2021
Case study method
Life history method
Question 23 Explanation:
Ethnographic research methods is commonly used in anthropological research.
If a researcher has to test a hypothesis whether the difference between the means of two groups are significant, she / he will use: NTA NET JUNE 2021
Chi - square test
Sign - test
Student's - test
|Given below are two statements|
|Statement I:Exploratory studies mainly aim at developing hypotheses or questions for further research.|
|Statement 2: The goal of formal study is to test the hypotheses or answer the questions posed.|
Both Statement I and Statement II are false.
Both Statement I and Statement II are true.
Statement I is false but Statement II is true.
Statement I is true but Statement II is false.
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